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During the late 1970s, Panamanian musicians particularized a new label for Panamanian jazz: tambo jazz. This signification established the identity of musicians who stayed in Panama and did not necessarily break ties with the region and their unique way of playing jazz. These musicians were bilingual in English and Spanish, as well as the language of music. They were informed by swing, bebop, calypso, salsa, cumbia, bolero, other Latin rhythms such as tamboritos, other folkloric music of Panama, and folk instruments like the tambor Panameño. Here is an incomplete list of Tambo Jazz Musicians.

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Byron Floyd Lloyd


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Chacho de la Rosa


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Victor Everton Boa McRae

1925 - 2004

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Kelvin Frederick


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"Sharkey" Francis


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John “Rubber Legs” Makendo


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Clarence Martin

1922 - 1980

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Rupert Doc Johnson


Opera Singer

Carol Graves


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Armando Boza

1911 - 1966

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Ezequiel "Pipo" Navarro

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Gerardo Maloney (sociologist)


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Mario García Hudson  (Researcher)


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Luis Carlos Perez


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Violeta Green

1931 - 2000

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Felix Wilkins

1942 - ?

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Barbara Wilson

1940 - 2005

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Leroy Gittens

1931 - 1992

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Roberto Mariette


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Ernesto Crouch



Idania Dowman


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Ariel Pérez Price


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Eduardo Irving

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